6 Most Popular Types of Cooling Systems
With the summer practically here, it is time to start thinking seriously about whether or not your current cooling system is up to the job at hand. You may simply be dealing with a smaller model for use at home or need something capable of cooling your electronic cabinet at an industrial size scale. Either way, it is important to be aware of your options and to understand which systems working best under different circumstances.
Here are some of the most popular types of cooling systems and the jobs they are best suited to do.
1. Central Air Conditioners
This is probably the most common type of cooling system currently available. A central air conditioner works by using a network of ducts to supply cooled air everywhere throughout the house. Most often, you see this type of cooling system broken down into two components. You’ll have an outdoor unit which contains the compressor and condenser coils and a separate indoor unit which is comprised of the evaporator coils.
The two parts are connected by refrigerant lines that allow them to work together to keep your home cool. Central air conditioners work best when a technician is hired to conduct an evaluation and load calculation on your home so that you end up getting a unit of the right size.
If you get a unit that is too small, it won’t be able to cool your home properly. Conversely, if the unit it too big, it won’t have the proper capacity to dehumidify and will end up costing you extra on energy bills.
2. Ductless Systems
These are the ideal cooling option when you’re working with less space inside of a home or apartment. Like a central air conditioner, these also have an indoor and an outdoor system, but both components are smaller so they ultimately take up a lot less space and are easier to install.
Due to the fact that there are no ducts, the indoor air handlers are instead mounted on the walls or ceiling of the rooms that require cooling. You have more flexibility and control over where the parts are installed. These systems also have the benefit of being quieter, so if a noisy air conditioner isn’t going to go over well in your space, these are a good option.
They also tend to have more even temperature distribution and you can cool different parts of your home to different temperatures. For the same reason that you can engage in zoned temperature control, the fact that you can use these units individually makes it easier to save energy by turning off the ones you don’t need.
3. Evaporative Air Conditioners
Also known as swamp coolers, these are definitely the most energy-efficient way to cool your building. Unlike refrigerant cooling systems, these units work by using a fan to draw in air from the outdoors and pull it through moist pads that act to cool the air through evaporation and distribute it throughout the building.
Overall, evaporative air conditioners work the best in hot dry climates, as too much humidity can impair their ability to function properly. They are usually able to produce air that is up to 30 degrees cooler and are generally considered to be very cost-effective.
4. Heat Pumps
Again, these systems are intended to function in less extreme environments and are probably only a wise investment if you live in a part of the country that only experiences moderate winters. These simple yet ingenious mechanisms work to cool by removing heat from the air inside of your home and transferring it outside. During the cooler month, they work in reverse and extract heat from the air to distribute throughout your living space.
5. Ceiling Fans
Depending on how extreme the heat gets where you live, a well-placed fan can often be perfectly adequate when it comes to keeping your space at a comfortable living temperature. Fans come in many different sizes and include ceiling fans, table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or to the wall. The wind chill effect that they create can so a long way to creating a strong cooling effect and keeping your home comfortable.
Ceiling fans are usually considered the best model for this job, as they are able to circulate air further and create a draft throughout the entire room. That being said, you need to have ceilings that are at least eight feet high in order for ceiling fans to really work effectively, so if you’re dealing with a tighter space, consider other options.
6. Window Fans
Window fans are another great option that does use very much energy and provide perfectly adequate cooling in many climates. Depending on the layout of your space, sometimes more than one window fan will be required to get air circulating enough to really cool down.